Nogal Carpet

Nogal Carpet

              TYPES OF CARPET



Cut pile carpet includes everything from the standard textured cut pile carpet that you'll see in most apartments to the very formal plushes you'll find in elegant master bedrooms.  A textured cut pile has alternating lengths of fibers that help mask footprints and vacuum marks.  A textured cut pile is a great all round carpet.

A formal plush carpet is very soft containing thinner, level fibers.  A plush will show nearly every footprint and every vacuum mark.  The most common location for a plush carpet is the bedroom as it is very soft and comfortable to walk on.



A berber carpet isn't a brand name as some people believe.  Berber is any carpet with loops.  A standard berber carpet consists of repeating tightly looped fibers of the same length.  Berber is very strong and track resistant due to its strong loops.  Berber holds up especially well on stairs and in hallways.  Another plus is that it will not show footprints or vacuum marks.

Besides the standard berber, multi-level berber and cut loop carpet is available.  Multi-level loop carpet is simply any berber with different loop heights.  This is usually done to create various textures and patterns, such as floral patterns or diamonds.




A cut loop carpet is a combination of both a berber carpet and a cut pile carpet.  It contains loops followed by cut pile. Similar to multi-level loop carpet, this is done to create textures and patterns.  A cut & loop carpet is usually much softer than a standard berber or multi-level loop carpet due to the patches of cut pile stuck in between the loops.  Choosing a cut loop carpet can be a good compromise between a cut pile and a classic berber carpet.




"What is a frieze carpet?"  This is the first question people usually ask upon spotting a frieze.  A frieze carpet is a cut pile carpet with fibers that have been twisted and then crimped somewhere along their length.  This causes the carpet to look wild and squiggly, various strands bending randomly in different directions.  By crimping the strand along its length, in theory this causes the fiber to bend so that you're walking on the side of the fiber which extends the carpet's life while at the same time hiding both vacuum marks and footprints.  Frieze carpet is one of the most durable carpets that you can purchase.

Carpet Quality Selection

The main aspects of carpet quality involve carpet density, twist, and pile height.  Denser carpets will last longer and feel more comfortable underneath bare feet.  The denser and higher a carpet is, the more material the carpet requires which thus inflates the price.  The saying "You get what you pay for," is particularly true when it comes to judging carpet quality.


Carpet density is simply how closely a carpet's individual tufts are packed together.  Carpets with a high density will resist crushing, matting, and overall wear much better than carpet with a low density.  To determine a carpet's density bend the sample back.  A high quality carpet will show very little, if any backing when bent.  A low quality carpet will show quite a bit of backing.  Dig your fingers into the sample and see how easy it is to feel the backing through the carpet sample.

A denser carpet will feel much more luxurious and soft when walking across it barefoot.  Carpet density is the first thing you should look for when considering a particular carpet.  Don't try to save money in this area!  Some unscrupulous carpet salesmen will tell you it's not that important.  Don't believe them.


Carpet twist refers to how many times a carpet's fiber has been spun before being heat set.  The more revolutions the twist has, the better the carpet is.  A more tightly twisted carpet will withstand wear over time better than one with less twist.  Most carpet consists of at least two piles (individual carpet strands) that are twisted together before being heat set.

To discern the quality of a carpet's twist examine its ends.  They should be tight and neat.  Loose or flared open strands are an indication of sub par quality.  The twist on formal plush carpets should be particularly tight and level.


Carpet pile height is how far the carpet extends above the primary backing.  It's simply how tall the carpet is.  Obviously, the higher a carpet extends the more material it consists of which in turn bumps up the price.  Higher pile will give you more comfort under your feet but it's not really more practical.  It might be good for the bedroom but lower pile is recommended for high traffic areas like hall, living room or stairs.



Carpet color selection causes more arguments than any other part of the process when a husband and wife go shopping for carpet.  In my experience the wife usually wins.  When it comes to selecting color I've heard it all "The carpet should be darker than the walls," "The carpet should be darker than the furniture," and so on and so forth.  There really are no set rules when it comes to carpet color selection.

It's really quite simple.  Choose several colors that you think you might like.  Borrow samples of those colors or have samples shipped to you (we will do this for free).  Then lay the samples down in various rooms and look at them under different lighting conditions.  Obviously the colors will look different based upon the lighting and wall color so be sure to borrow several samples.  Keep in mind when selecting a color that the final product could vary slightly due to differences in dye lots.  This difference tends to be less dramatic with the higher end carpet mills like Masland or Gulistan for instance. 

In some cases when laid out across a large expanse, carpet may appear to lighten slightly anywhere from  1/2  to 1 of a color shade.  This change will vary based upon your natural lighting, the direction of the nap of the carpet, as well as the material and style.  In some cases it may appear to actually darken subtly.  Just remember that the shade may change a bit when installed.

The majority of people choose a neutral tone that fits in with the overall color scheme of their home.  Try not to agonize too much over carpet color selection.  It's not worth getting a divorce over carpet color as we've seen some pretty heated arguments occur.  Just choose a color that you can live with and you'll be happy.  Choosing a carpet color should be an enjoyable experience.



Polyester Carpet


Polyester is the most popular carpet fiber made today.  More than 50% of carpet is made from polyester.  This is because polyester is inexpensive and stain resistant.


Nylon  Carpet


Nylon carpet is a stronger, much softer than Polyester.  Nylon contains smaller, more densely packed fibers that create a softer feel while at the same time being much more durable.  If you can afford the added price of nylon we highly recommend it.  A carpet containing nylon will retain its texture longer than a standard polyester carpet.


Olefin Carpet


Olefin (Polypropylene)  extremely durable and resistant to traffic, much of it has a rough feel to it.  Recently companies have been producing Polypropylene carpet that has a very soft, plush-like feel to it.  


Wool Carpet


Wool being a natural fiber is much more expensive than any other carpet fiber.  It's also much softer and durable.  Wool is the softest, most durable carpet fiber that you can purchase.  The only drawback to wool besides its hefty price tag, is that it is also the least stain resistant.  Wool sucks up spills like a sponge.  It can be difficult to remove some stains from wool carpet so we recommend exercising caution if you have young children.  Otherwise wool is a fantastic choice, especially if you're interested in berber which usually does not have a very soft feel.  Wool berber with large thick loops is a joy to walk upon.